XXIII. The Last Preaching Mission
91. Dining with the Pharisees
37A Pharisee asked him to dine with him; so he went in and sat at table.
38The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner.
39And the Lord said, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of extortion and wickedness.”
45One of the lawyersa answered him, “Teacher, in saying this you reproach us also.”
46And he said, “Woe upon you lawyers also! for you load men with burdens grievous to bear, and you yourselves will not lift one finger to help them. 47Woe upon you! for you build the tombs for the prophets whom your fathers killed. 48So you are witnesses and consent to the deeds of your fathers; for you now plan to kill the prophet who comes in this day doing what the prophets did in their day. 50The blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, 51may be required of this generation. 52Woe upon you lawyers! for you have taken away the key of knowledge; you did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering.”
53As he went away from there, the scribes and the Pharisees began to press him hard, and to provoke him to speak of many things, 54lying in wait for him, to catch him at something he might say.b
(Lk. 11:37–39, 45–48, 50–54)
a “One of the lawyers”—Evidently Jesus was invited to a meal given by a Pharisee, whose guests included a number of lawyers and Pharisees. These Pharisees, who strictly followed the practice of ceremonial washing, were shocked when Jesus did not engage in this Pharisaic practice.
b “lying in wait for him, to catch him at something he might say.”—to be used to bring him to trial and judgment before the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem.
Lk. 11:37 A / While he was speaking a (RSV)
Lk. 11:39 said, “Now / said to him, "Now (RSV)
Lk. 11:46 Woe upon you (KJV) / Woe to you (RSV) • burdens grievous to (KJV) / burdens hard to (RSV) • yourselves will not lift one finger to help them. (NIV) / yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers. (RSV)
Lk. 11:47 Woe upon you! (KJV) / Woe to you! (RSV)
Lk. 11:48 for you now plan to kill the prophet who comes in this day doing what the prophets did in their day. / for they killed them, and you build their tombs. (RSV)
Lk. 11:50 The / that the (RSV)
Lk. 11:51 may be (NIV) / will be (RSV)
Lk. 11:52 Woe upon you (KJV) / Woe to you (RSV)
Lk. 11:54 catch him at / catch at (RSV) (166:1/1825–7)